Kentaro Tomono

is creating Japanese culture shows and English Study.
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English Usage and study : De Facto Free
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So I would like to change my current job, let us learn one of the difficult words especially targeting TOEFL. I am sorry I can not change the Tier price to zero. From "Selected 900 Words List".
Shogi Tactics Series De Facto Free Kinda
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Anyone who would like to support me ( and you ) to self-learn Shogi tactics or would like to see virtual Tokyo tour are welcomed for your donations.
Japan Hot Spots
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Covering must see all around spots in Japan.




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About Kentaro Tomono

I became interested in Patreon and would like to show you all who don't know anything about our Japanese culture. The first video is the introduction of Koya-san ( Koya temple ( in my childhood I went there ) ), which is situated at mountain areas, south of Osaka. This is the place where Kukai ( AD 774- AD835 ) opened the Shingon school of Buddhism and many disciples come here to be trained so that later on they will be the ( branch ) monk of the school.  Today, In order for the "disciples" ( most of whom has its own temple and followers ) to be the monk of their own, they need to be trained at temples the Shingon school elects to be the place meaning, Koya-san is not only the place for the training), around 3-4 years. Though this would be the earthly story, most of the disciple's revenue is around 50K ( USD ) a year. ( Depending on how many followers they have. )  Throughout its history, many off-springs ( or another branch, divisions ) were born ( as it was the case, like in Europe and related districts, Eastern Orthodox separated from the very 4th centuries, and protestants around 15th-16th centuries ) so today's real Koya-san followers are estimated to be 4 million according to the 2009's survey. Now back to the history of Koya-san. As you see 2:33~, women were not allowed to cross the threshold until 1872 ( however, there were numbers of women only temples from the very start. They were called Koku-Bun-Ni-Ji ( meaning, "each country's own woman temple" ( here "country" was almost today's U.S county size ) ). The nature of the Japanese temples changed throughout its history from the very start. It depends on which era they were, but in feudal era ( around entire 16th century ) , due to the fact many lords around the temples had donated farmers' lands to the temples ( sometimes monks became the academic advisories of regional Samurai lords around them ) so that their power became very strong, even a division of a school occupying one country for more than centuries with their own power. Koya-san school was not an exception. As you see 1:45~, the south of Osaka is mountainous area, so that Koya school was no exception. ( In terms of defending them from the powerful landlords trying to invade. ). "They ( meaning, temples around those area including Koya school ) were like an independent republic" According to Luis Frois. who was a member of Jesuits and came to Japan in order to spread their Christianity.  Not only the Bakufu ( the tent govenment of Samurai ) but also the royal families ( leading to today's Japanese emperor ) was not able to influence them, unable to tax them. Nobunaga Oda, the first and most powerful lord ( or Daimyo ( the particular powerful lord in a region  ) in 16th century, invaded Koya-san's area ( back then, the power of Koya-san is almost equivalent with Daimyo. Koyasan battled against his army ferociously, up until sudden Nobunagas' Death ( Hono-Ji-No-Hen ( Qoup by one of his vassals \ Mitshide Akechi )) in 1582. But Mitsuhide's reign lasted for over just 1 month, lost by Hideyoshi Toyotomi at the battle of Yamazak. Hideyoshi became the de fact ruler of Japan in 1583. Hideyoshi invaded these areas including Koya-san in 1585 and conquered. The total number of Hideyoshi's army is estimated to be 60,000 to 100,000 whereas the so-called "temple republics" army's is unknown.After Hideyoshi's death in 1598Ieyasu Tokugawa replaced to be a ruler, the Shogun, winning the Battle Of Sekigahara in 1600, which opened Tokugawa Shogunate that lasted for more than 260 years. ( How Koya-san was dealt in Tokugawa Shogunate ( 1602-1867 ) era will be described later. ). The red construction you watch 2:10~ is the entrance of Koya-san. And the next red temple in red you watch 2:32~ is called Kongo-Buji, the de facto temple of Koya-san. Why am I describing the Kongo-Buji as the de-facto temple? It is because in general the so-called Koya-san comprises of over another 100 temples. What you at 2:55~ is called San No In, one of the temples comprising Koya-San, which is Ji-Nu-Shi-NO-Kami ( linked to short English Wiki ), aka the God Of The Land, which dates back to 9th century. Accorind to Shin To ( linked to extensive English Wiki ), one of the Japanese religion, it is said there is a God on each land. The San No In is one of them and is supposed to be created BEFORE the creation of Koya-San. What you see at 3:54~ is called Oku No In ( I am sorry there is no English available ), where you can find tombs of notable figures such as Nobunaga Oda. who almost tried to annihilated Koya san group, but his tombs is built there. Accompanying to his tombs were that of Mitsnari Ishida, who lost in the battle of Sekigahra No Tatakai ( Battle Of Sekigahra ) which ultimately opened the Tokugawa Shogunate. ( Updated gradually, kindly wait. )  Under the Tokugawa Shogunate, Koya san became one of Bo-Dai-JI., in which after the expel of Christianity by Tokugawa Shogunate, led to the establishment of Tera-Uke-Seido, in which every peasant in the feudal era of Tokugawa Shogunate needed to be the member of a temple near in order to shot they were not Christian and as well as it was because Shogun wanted to control the every temple in Japan. ( Upgrated later. )
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